The form, always the main concern of the designer, led in Soviet times to continuous experiments with a limited set, let’s say, “cash”: it was almost impossible to legally obtain the required material for work. Sometimes it turned out even better: the material taken to replace the absent showed character, and suddenly it turned out that this was the intrigue of shaping: the unfamiliar properties of the material seemed to “draw out” the artist to non-standard solutions.
I bring to your attention some experiments with materials then widespread. In fact, these are variants of using materials “not on purpose”.
Knitwear (satin weave, i.e., well stretching in different directions)
Fabric on the frame
Cloth on a tubular frame
Pay attention to the glare at the top of the hood: in fact, this is not glare, but the fabric from the luminaire installed behind the layout shines through.
(layout tractor in M 1:10)
Wooden frame fabric
All the displayed layouts look great in the exhibition conditions: the soft undertones of white fabric attract attention, are well remembered. But if the exhibition does not end there and it is necessary to move on, the stretched fabric can be converted into a solid state by epoxidation. It is necessary to know, however, some techniques that facilitate the process of finishing the fabric layout. A little bit about this is in the following example.
Fabric on geodesic probes
This layout is not preserved, why the experiment is shown in a computer image. A characteristic of the experiment was that the fabric, tight to the elastic probes, did not shrink at the next stage – the setting of epoxy resin. The fabric on a tubular or wooden frame, regardless of the degree of tension, in the process of epoxidation still leads, which requires considerable effort in the final finishing of the form. Let’s say simple: when epoxidizing, the fabric should be supported from below with something (or it should be loaded from above). In this case, the surface distortion will be minimal.
Also in a new way, you can use the logs of a traditional wooden frame.If it is necessary to bend these logs. In fact: why collect walls of straight logs, fight for their geometry, and then cut holes, windows and doors-holes in the walls? And if you bend the ends of the logs, running, thereby, the light inside the log house, catch the sun’s rays at the most useful time of the day? Yes, even hide the hidden from the audience of the street! In the same way to execute the door, organizing exits to the courtyard, to the terraces, to the roof of the house! However, the villagers will not bend logs – this is not a budget option, but those who want to live in three-storey mansions, perhaps, will not miss the opportunity to excel!
Let the animated image of a supposedly rural hut not limit your imagination: you can embody the royal volumes in the technology offered here (who will be tempted by this type of shaping and will wish to build a cottage in such forms – I will help starting with the project).
Bending metal profile
Today metal profile – the material used for industrial buildings or formwork. In Japan, everything is in Japanese: the material is used more widely, including for housing. I give a picture of a Japanese construction, where this material is bent by rollers across the guides: this bending requires special equipment. My bend leaves the guides straight and does not require special equipment!
The profiled sheet is laid on a simplified wooden formwork, where sheet metal is already placed. The metal profile, when loaded, also flexes easily, lays down on the sheet and targets it with rivets (see sketch). Then another sheet of metal is laid on top and the riveter is used again. Everything! The resulting sandwich is hard, but it can be executed twice as thick (that is, harder), you just need to impose the crests of the adjacent layers over each other and connect them in the same way. Then the covering sheet of metal is laid, the riveter is again used, and the two-layer sandwich is ready! Technology advantage: no waste! Even if the form is twisted in a spiral – as in the sketch below – the remnants of the cut are applied to the right place and the riveter monoliths the structure.
Wooden log house, arranged by extensions of metal profiles.
The complexity of such a metal profile application is not in technology and not in design. The main difficulty is in the perception of such forms, let us say more precisely, in their acceptance. You need to see yourself, handsome and clever, in such a house, to love yourself, who think outside the box, who chose these twisted-curved forms! For some reason, there are no such difficulties in Japan, but with us … until a neighbor takes this step first – we will not move!
The cylindrical shape with a curved metal profile pattern is an entrance node that directs the visitor to the right in the hallway, or to the left – to the public area of the house – the living room and the office. In the two-story log house there are actually residential premises.
Another cylindrical shape is placed on the opposite façade, which is plot oriented. Imagine this – a swimming pool, rather a water path – the diameter of a cylinder up to 2 meters – is no longer necessary. More is for the guests, for them the pool can be made on the plot, and the water path – for yourself, on the second floor, at the bedroom level. There is also a vertical cylinder of small diameter, also decorated with a winding motif – this is a ladder that is allowed to enter the home swimming pool from the ground level, as well as into the basement part of the house.
A large span of the living room will require additional supports – on these sketches they are offered in a tree and are interconnected by a balcony gallery, access to which is from the level of the bedrooms. The volume allocated for the cabinet is sketched below ground level. So dictated the relief for which the sketch was made. However, with the same success, the office can get off the ground and fly up to the level of the second floor – especially if garden trees grow here. Then through the window openings you can reach the ripened fruit.